This information is solely informative and should not be treated as legal advice.
Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
The City of Fresno does not enforce the ADA through a citation process. The ADA is enforced by the Department of Justice (DOJ), the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), the Federal Transit Administration (FTA), and through private or class action lawsuits. The City of Fresno enforces the accessibility requirements of the California Building Code for alterations and new construction during the plan check and building inspection process.
An ADA Coordinator is an employee designated to coordinate the City of Fresno compliance efforts under the ADA. Duties include:
- Responding to grievances/complaints
- Coordinating disability and accessibility related training for employees
- Developing and/or implementing plans to improve services for people with disabilities
- Advising city departments as questions arise
Members of the public requesting accommodations/modifications to programs, services, or activities of the City of Fresno may contact Shannon M. Mulhall, ADA Coordinator at (559) 621-8716 or Shannon.Mulhall@fresno.gov.
Applicants or employees of the City of Fresno who would like to request a reasonable accommodation or have other disability-related concerns may contact Steve Emerzian, Senior HR/Risk Analyst, at (559) 621-6903 or Steve.Emerzian@fresno.gov.
U.S. Department of Justice Disability Rights Section
950 Pennsylvania Ave. NW
Washington, DC 20530
(800) 514-0301 ADA Hotline
(800) 514-0383 TTY
(202) 307-1198 FAX
Division of the State Architect Universal Design Program
1102 Q Street, Suite 5100
Sacramento, CA 95814
(916) 445-8100 Voice/TTY
Would you like to add your organization to the list? Email Shannon.Mulhall@fresno.gov
Veterans Central CA Health Care System Department of Veterans Affairs
2615 E. Clinton Ave
Fresno, CA 93703-2223
The DAC is a seven-member body made up of community leaders appointed by the Mayor and approved by the City Council; five of the seven members must be persons with disabilities. The DAC:
Advises the City of Fresno on ways to ensure services and facilities are accessible to the community
Offers input to City of Fresno Departments for enhancing the level of access for people with disabilities to programs, services, and activities
Provides advocacy for overarching issues affecting people with disabilities in the City of Fresno
For more information visit the DAC Page
No. Just like your business, the City of Fresno must make its programs, services, and activities accessible and compliant with the ADA regulations. The City’s ADA Coordinator is an employee designated to coordinate the City of Fresno’s own compliance efforts under the ADA.
Title III of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) requires public accommodations (businesses and non-profit organizations) to provide goods and services to people with disabilities on an equal basis with the rest of the public.
Businesses and non-profit organizations that serve the public are to remove architectural barriers when it is readily achievable. Readily achievable means when alterations can be made without great expense or effort.
The ADA is a civil rights law, so each barrier to access represents a civil rights violation. In California, the Unruh Civil Rights Act sets the minimum monetary damages at $4,000 for each violation.
No. There is no grandfather clause in the ADA exempting older facilities. Existing businesses and facilities that have not been modified or altered in any way since the passage of the ADA still have the obligation to bring their facilities into compliance when readily achievable (when alterations can be made without great expense or effort). All new construction must be fully compliant with the ADA.
The State of California Certified Access Specialist (CASp) program is designed to meet the public’s need for experienced individuals who can render opinions as to the compliance of buildings and sites with the State of California codes and regulations and ADA for accessibility. You can find a list of CASps and more information about the statewide CASp program on their website.
The City of Fresno employs a CASp who is available to consult on construction related accessibility standards. The City of Fresno CASp reviews plans only and will not provide legal advice or a physical assessment of your business.
Both. Under Title III of the ADA there is shared responsibility between landlord and tenant for making the property and business accessible.
Yes. To assist businesses with complying with the ADA, Section 44 of the IRS Code allows a tax credit for small businesses and Section 190 of the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) Code allows a tax deduction for all businesses. This credit can cover 50% of the eligible access expenditures in a year.
The California Commission on Disability Access (CCDA) maintains records of alleged ADA violation types. They have a report which indicates the most common violations being cited in lawsuits.
The CCDA and the CA Department of Rehabilitation created the “Boost Your Business” video series which highlight the common accessibility complaints and what business owners can do about them.
Department of Justice – Small Business Administration “ADA Guide for Small Businesses”